Oxidative ageing - unfortunately - negatively affects polymers. For a proper design, it is therefore important to know a priori how the tensile strenght and elongation-at-break depend on potential ageing conditions of an application.

Read our blogpost with more information about this tool here.

This tool offers two different graphical representations of the degradation process of the tensile strength and elongation-at-break after oxidative ageing: the half-life time as well as decay-curves. Both the humidity during ageing as well as the humidity during the subsequent tensile test are assumed to be 0%.

User input:

  • Grade selection
  • Maximum ageing time (used for decay graph)
  • Ageing temperature
  • Testing temperature

Tool output:

  • Time-dependent graphs showing the change in tensile strength or elongation-at-break over time.
  • Retention graphs showing the how well the original properties are retained over time on a scale of 0-100%.
  • Half-life graph showing the half-life time for various ageing temperatures (for either tensile strength or elongation-at-break).
Schematic heat ageing

All measurements are performed according to the ISO 527 1A standard for specimen (see image) with nominal specimen thickness of 4.0 mm (0.16 in), produced by injection molding.

 For grades containing fillers like glass fibers, we know that the fibers have a preference to orient along the longitudinal axis of the tensile bar, which has a large effect on the stiffness and strength values of the stress-strain response.

Dimensions tensile bar according to the ISO 527 1A standard

The Heat Ageing Tool is based on a large data set which covers heat ageing decay in hot air and chemical ageing in various liquids. These effects can be seen and are described by the overall model: a first initial decrease often observed in chemical ageing (associated with e.g. moisture uptake), a longer term decay associated with degradation of the polymer and an increase in strength due to crystallization effects. The model is partly based on physical equations and extended with some mathematical sections necessary to adjust specific behavior seen in the available datasets.


  • On average, the standard deviation (1 sigma) is around 5-10%. This 'engineering accuracy' is indicated in the graph for each line by means of a semi-transparant confidence region.
  • For elongation at break, accuracy is less for specific grades. This is mainly due to an initial fast increase in elongation at break where in general very few datapoints are available.

Please use the Hotjar feedback form on the bottom right of the Heat-Ageing tool page to submit your comments, questions, and feedback. Most frequent questions will be answered in this section.

Why can't I select all Envalior grades?

We're in the process of expanding this tool to more grades, but this depends on the availability of experimental data as well as on the demand for that particular grade. Let us know what grades you're looking for by filling in the feedback form on the bottom right of the page!

Why am I not allowed to export the data from the graph?

Everyone can use the download functionality once logged in; simply register (for free) and immediately start downloading.

Frequently asked questions