Choosing the right material solution

15 March 2019

As global growth of fully electric and hybrid vehicle powertrains accelerates, so does the need for increasingly effective vehicle thermal management systems (TMS). An effective TMS is critical since it controls the temperature of key systems to extend service life and reduce energy consumption. Since electric and hybrid systems face different design challenges, it is important to consider the unique needs of each application before specifying a material.

Electric vehicles

In pure battery-electric vehicle systems, the actual operating temperature is lower over the lifetime of the vehicle. However, the runtime of the TMS is doubled because the system needs to run continuously in colder climates to warm the batteries while the vehicle is stopped.

The increased runtime doubles the amount of time a material must withstand exposure to water-resistant glycol fluids. In a standard vehicle, this exposure time averages 1,000 to 3,000 hours. In fully electric vehicles, the average exposure time increases to 6,000 – 10,000 hours.

Hybrid vehicles

As the name implies, a hybrid vehicle powertrain combines an internal combustion engine system with an electric motor. Since engineers need to accommodate two power systems within a standard-sized vehicle platform, the entire system is confined to a more compact space and heat dissipation becomes a challenge.

To meet this challenge, it is important for automakers to select heat-resistant materials that are tested to high temperatures ranging from 135C to 150C.

Choosing the right material solution

To choose the right material solution for thermal management, it is important to consider heat exposure time, heat exposure temperature, and hydrolysis resistance. Envalior offers an extensive portfolio of material solutions designed to overcome these design challenges, including:

  • Xytron PPS (polyphenylene sulphide) – The Xytron family of PPS grades is optimized for hydrolysis resistance, chemical resistance and peak temperature performance. This makes them an increasingly popular choice for hybrid and electric vehicle thermal management systems. Xytron G4080HR is a new grade specifically designed for vehicle thermal management with superior aging resistance and weldline strength retention, compared to alternative 40% GF PPS. 
  • ForTii Ace PA4T/PPA (polyamide/polyphthalamide) – The ForTii family of advanced polymers is engineered for the most demanding high-temperature metal replacement and electronics applications. ForTii MX53T and ForTii Ace JTX8 are increasingly popular solutions for automakers engineering these respective applications.

Choosing the right material for increasingly advanced vehicle thermal management systems is a challenge, but Envalior is here to help. To search materials optimized for automotive thermal management, visit plasticsfinder.com. For questions or technical inquiries, visit Envalior.com/contactdep.

Leon Han

Global Product Manager

Published on

15 March 2019


  • Blog
  • Drivetrain
  • Xytron
  • ForTii in automotive electronics
  • Thermal Management

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Leon Han

Global Product Manager

Wenyu (Leon) Han joined Envalior in 2017 as Global Product Manager. He has over 10 years of experiences in the plastics compounds industry. Leon had held several global roles in sales, marketing, product marketing, segment management and marketing director role at different companies and industries, including Celanese, GE Plastics (now SABIC) and Valspar Coatings.

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